At the head of the world famous Champs Elysées on the Place Charles de Gaulle, France’s national monument, the Arc de Triomphe, stands at the point where 12 avenues meet like a star. Napoleon I commissioned the triumphal arch in 1805 to commemorate his victories over Austria, Russia and Prussia. He was inspired by the Arch of Constantine in Rome. But with its measurements of 54 m in height, 45 m in width and 22 m in depth, Napoleon’s arch is more powerful by far.